Residence and Citizenship 

1. About Permanent Resident Card (PR card)

PR card is also called green card. A permanent resident has almost the same right as Canadian citizen except the right to vote or run for political office or hold some jobs which need a high-level security clearance. A permanent resident must pay taxes and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.

Advantages of holding a PR card: 

  • Get most social benefits, including health care coverage;

  • Easy to be approved for studying or traveling in other countries, e.g. easy to get a ten-year multi-entry American visa;

  • Live, work or study anywhere in Canada;

  • Free first and secondary education, free vocational training and right to apply for education support;

  • Apply for Canadian citizenship;

  • Right to enter, stay or leave Canada

  • Protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

2. Apply for, renew or replace a PR card

To return to Canada, permanent residents must have a valid PR card or permanent resident travel document (PRTD). Without one, you may not be able to board. You will have to apply for a new PR card if your card expires. It is highly recommended to renew your card before you leave Canada.


To be eligible for a PR card, you need to be a permanent resident and submit the application in Canada.

You should apply for a PR card in the following situations:

  • your card has expired or will expire in less than 9 months

  • your card is lost, stolen, or destroyed

  • you didn’t receive your card within 180 days of immigrating to Canada

  • you need to update your card to legally change your name, citizenship, gender designation or update date of birth.​

Time lived in Canada

One must live in Canada at least 730 days (no need to be continuous) during the last five years to maintain the permanent resident status.

Replace a lost, stolen or destroyed PR card

Explain the reason before you apply. If you are outside Canada, you need to go to the nearest visa office to apply for PRTD to go back to Canada. If you are inside Canada, you could use the Web form to renew or replace PR card.

3. Apply for citizenship 

About Canadian passport

Based on CNN Travel news updated on July 11, 2020, Canadian citizens have visa-waiver or visa on arrival access to about 183 countries and territories, ranking the Canadian passport 9th in The globe(tied with Australia).


To become a Canadian citizen, one must be a permanent resident who have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years and filed taxes. One must also prove language skills and pass a test on rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada (for people whose age is 18-54 years old)​. 

Language skill requirement: Meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher. 

The citizenship test is testing your knowledge concerning the rights and responsibilities of Canadians and Canada's history, geography, economy, government, laws and symbols. It is 30 minutes long, 20 questions (Multiple-choice and true or false questions) and could be in English or French. The pass mark is 15 correct answers. 

Contact us to know more and prepare the application today!